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Removing Barriers Blog

Update on the Federal Budget Process
Posted April 24, 2017 by CUNA Advocacy

This week the Congress will, among other items, be considering legislation to fund government operations through September 30th 2017, the end of this fiscal year. Current government funding ends Friday and at midnight and action is necessary to avert a government shutdown.

Democrats and Republicans have been working for weeks to try and whittle down points of contention among the parties so that a bill with bipartisan support can be enacted into law before this week’s deadline. If this doesn’t happen, a government shutdown is possible or Congress may enact a short-term “continuing resolution” to fund government operations at essentially the same levels as present.

One issue of concern to CUNA is this process is funding for the Community Development Financial Institutions (CDFI) Fund. In FY2016, the CDFIF was funded at $233.5 million. CUNA, its state partners, individual credit unions, and concerned credit union members, have engaged in a large lobbying and grassroots effort to convince Congress to fully fund the Community Development Financial Institutions (CDFI) Fund as part of a bill to fund the federal government for the remainder of fiscal year 2017. This funding is critical given the fact that the Administration requested that the Fund be eliminated.

CUNA sent a letter to all House Appropriations Committee members, as well as a letter to their Senate counterparts on March 30, 2016, urging them to fully fund the CDFI Fund. There are 288 CDFI credit unions in the U.S. and this is great news for not only them, but the credit union movement as a whole.

Another issue that CUNA is advocating is the retention of report language that was included in last year’s House-passed Financial Services and General Government Appropriations Act for Fiscal Year 2017 (H.R. 5485). This language would direct the CFPB to report to the Senate and House Appropriations Committees, Senate Banking Committee and House Financial Services Committee on how it has used its section 1022 exemption authority under the Dodd-Frank Act to tailor its rulemakings to community financial institutions within 120 days of the bill’s enactment. This language is nearly identical to language included in two CUNA letters to the CFPB last year. The House letter received 329 signatures and its Senate companion received 70 signatures.

The original House bill passed last year includes significant relief for banks and credit unions, including:

• Changing the leadership structure of the CFPB to a five-person board and placing the bureau under the appropriations process;

• Requiring the CFPB to study the use of arbitration prior to issuing any new regulations. This would affect the bureau’s recent proposal on arbitration;

• Allowing for residential mortgages held in portfolio by lenders to be recognized as qualified mortgages for the purposes of the CFPB's mortgage lending rules. These efforts would especially help community bankers and credit unions who have decreased their mortgage lending business in recent years due to onerous regulatory requirements;

• Supporting efforts to clarify the definition of ‘‘points and fees’’ for qualified mortgages in order to improve access to credit for low and moderate income borrowers; and

• Stopping the CFPB from proceeding with its short-term, small-dollar loan proposal.

The committee report also contained a number of other items of interest to credit unions, including:

• CUNA-supported language that would call for the Federal Communications Commission to revisit its Telephone Consumer Protection Act (TCPA) order, and address technical questions that may be impossible for financial institutions to resolve. This includes clearing up whether an exemption for financial institutions to contact consumers with additional information can actually be used, and urging the FCC to provide more flexibility to the requirements.

• Directing the CFPB to report to the Senate and House Appropriations Committees, Senate Banking Committee and House Financial Services Committee on how it has used its section 1022 exemption authority to tailor its rulemakings to community financial institutions within 120 days of the bill’s enactment;

• Directing the Government Accountability Office (GAO) to determine the impacts of the Foreign Account Tax Compliance Act on U.S. citizens living abroad. The GAO must also make recommendations on FATCA implementations, and both must be done within 180 days of enactment of the bill;

• Directing the Office of Critical Infrastructure Protection and Compliance Policy to report to several Congressional committees on ways to improve cybersecurity and an update on collaboration across the financial services sector within 60 days of the bill’s enactment.

• Directing the CFPB to consider its recent actions related to auto lending that are reducing competition, regulating auto dealers, and raising costs to consumers.

The bill also contained funding of key programs that assist low-income credit unions that serve underserved areas and members of modest means, including:

• Maintaining the annual $2 million for the NCUA’s Community Development Revolving Loan Fund, which provides grants and loans to low-income designated credit unions; and

• Increasing the funding to $250 million for the U.S. Treasury’s Community Development Financial Institutions (CDFI) Fund, which awards funds to certified CDFIs.

The bill also maintained funding for the two Small Business Administration (SBA) programs that are crucial to credit unions:

• $28.5 billion for the SBA’s 7(a) program, which allows the government to guarantee up to 85% of loans, with the guaranteed portion not counting against credit unions’ cap on member business lending; and

• $7.5 billion for the SBA’s 504 loan program, which is used for long-term, fixed-rate financing on major fixed assets, such as equipment and real estate.

Last year, the full Senate Appropriations Committee approved its version of the FY 2017 Financial Services and General Government (FSGG) appropriations bill. The Committee report included language urging Treasury to work with financial regulators to address student debt. Additionally, the bill itself contained:

• Funding for the Community Development Financial Institutions (CDFI) fund at $234 million, $500,000 more than FY16, and $16 million less than the bill passed last week by the House Appropriations committee;

• Maintaining $2 million for NCUA's Community Development Revolving Loan Fund (CDRLF); and

• Funding a new account called the Cybersecurity Enhancement Account. The Committee recommends $47,743,000 for the initiative. It is "designed to bolster the (Treasury) Department's cybersecurity posture and mitigate threats to the U.S. financial infrastructure." It will also "improve identification of cyber threat and better protect information systems from attack; provide a platform to enhance efficient communication, collaboration, and transparency around the common goal of improving not only the Cybersecurity of the Treasury Department, but also the Nation’s financial sector."; and

• Prohibiting funds from being used to penalize financial institutions that provide financial services to certain persons in States and jurisdictions where marijuana is legal.

CUNA continues to monitor this process and lobby Congressional appropriators to achieve full funding for the CDFI Fund as well as achieving the maximum amount of regulatory relief possible through the appropriations process.